Lawrence M. Scheier, Ph.D.

Lawrence M. Scheier, Ph.D.,

Senior Research Scientist

Dr. Scheier received his Bachelor of Arts degree (Psychology) from Duke University in 1978, a Masters Degree (General Psychology) from New York University in 1983 and his Ph.D. (Educational Psychology) from the University of Southern California in 1988 where he received an Educare scholarship for outstanding academic achievement.

During his graduate training, Dr. Scheier worked at the Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, USC School of Pharmacy where he began his formal studies of drug etiology and prevention. Following completion of his doctoral degree, he completed a National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Alcohol Research Group, University of California, Berkeley, and also completed a National Institute of Mental Health Postdoctoral Fellowship in developmental studies at the Polisher Research Institute, Philadelphia Geriatric Center, Medical College of Pennsylvania.


    Lawrence M. Scheier, Ph.D., Publications
  • Scheier, L. M., & Newcomb, M. D. (1991a). Differentiation of early adolescent predictors of drug use versus abuse: A developmental risk factor model. Journal of Substance Abuse, 3, 277-299.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Newcomb, M. D. (1991b). Psychosocial predictors of drug use initiation and escalation: An expansion of the multiple risk factors hypothesis using longitudinal data. Contemporary Drug Problems, 18, 31-73.
  • Mitchell, W. G., Scheier, L. M., & Baker, S. A. (1993). Effects of psychosocial, acculturative and medical risk factors on academic achievement and social competence in children and adolescents with epilepsy. Annals of Neurology, 34, 458-459.
  • Newcomb, M. D., Scheier, L. M., & Bentler, P. M. (1997). Effects of adolescent drug use on adult mental health: A prospective study of a community sample. In G. A. Marlatt & G. R. VandenBos (Eds.), Addictive behaviors: Readings on etiology, prevention, and treatment (pp. 169-211). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Newcomb, M. D. (1993). Multiple dimensions of affective and cognitive disturbance: Latent-variable models in a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 5, 230-234.
  • Mitchell, W. G., Scheier, L. M., & Baker, S. A. (1994). Psychosocial, behavioral, and medical outcomes in children with epilepsy. A developmental risk factor model using longitudinal data. Pediatrics, 94, 471-477.
  • Scheier, L. M., Newcomb, J. D., & Skager, R. (1994). Risk, protection, and vulnerability to adolescent drug use: Latent-variable models of three age groups. Journal of Drug Education, 24(1), 49-82.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1995). Effects of early adolescent drug use on cognitive efficacy in early-late adolescence: A developmental structural model. Journal of Substance Abuse, 7, 379-404.
  • Scheier, L. M., Casten, R.J., & Fullard, W. (1995). Latent-variable confirmatory factor analysis of the Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. Journal of Adolescent Research, 10, 246-277.
  • Chen, K., Scheier, L. M., & Kandel, D. B. (1996). Effects of chronic cocaine use on physical health: A prospective study in a general population sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 43, 23-37.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1996). Cognitive effects of marijuana [Letter to the editor]. Journal of the American Medical Association, 275, 1547.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1996). Purpose in life, cognitive, efficacy, and general deviance as determinants of drug abuse in urban black youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 5, 1-26.
  • Botvin, G. J., & Scheier, L. M. (1997). Preventing drug abuse and violence. In D. K. Wilson, J. R. Rodrigue, & W. C. Taylor (Eds.), Health-promoting and health-compromising behaviors among minority youth (pp. 55-89). Washington, DC: APA Books.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1997). Psychosocial correlates of affective distress: Latent variable models of male and female adolescents in a community sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 26, 89-115.
  • Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., Diaz, T., & Ifill-Williams, M. (1997). Ethnic identity as a moderator of psychosocial risk and adolescent alcohol and marijuana use: Concurrent and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 6, 21-47.
  • Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J. & Baker, E. (1997). Risk and protective factors as predictors of adolescent alcohol involvement and transitions in alcohol use: A prospective analysis. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 58, 652-667.
  • Botvin, G. J., Malgady, R. G., Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., & Epstein, J. A. (1998). Alcohol and marijuana use among rural youth: Interaction of social and intrapersonal influences. Addictive Behaviors, 23, 1-9.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1998). Relations of social skills, personal competence, and adolescent alcohol use: A developmental exploratory study. Journal of Early Adolescence, 18, 77-114.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1997). Expectancies as mediators of the effects of social influences and alcohol knowledge on adolescent alcohol use: A prospective analysis. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 11, 48-64.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., Gotvin, G. J., Diaz, T., & Miller, N. (1999). Interpersonal aggression in urban minority youth: Individual skills and characteristics as mediators of neighborhood, peer, and parental influences. Journal of Community Psychology, 27, 77-114.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (1999). Social skills, competence, and drug refusal efficacy as predictors of adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Drug Education, 29, 253-280.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J., Miller, N. L. (1999). Life events, neighborhood stress, psychosocial functioning and alcohol use among urban minority youth. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Use, 9, 19-50.
  • Botvin, G. J., Griffin, K. W., Diaz, T., Scheier, L. M., Williams, C., & Epstein, J. A. (2000). Preventing illicit drug use in adolescents: Long-term follow-up data from a randomized control trial of a school population. Addictive Behaviors, 25, 769-774.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., & Diaz, T. (2000). Ethnic and gender differences in psychosocial risk, protection, and adolescent alcohol use. Prevention Science, 1, 199-212.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., Diaz, T., & Miller, N. (2000). Parenting practices as predictors of substance use, delinquency, and aggression among urban minority youth: Moderating effects of family structure and gender. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 14, 174-184.
  • Mitchell, W. G., Scheier, L. M., & Baker, S. A. (2001). Adherence to treatment in children with epilepsy: Who follows “doctor’s orders?” Epilepsia, 41(12), 1616-1625.
  • Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., Griffin, K. W., & Diaz, T. (2000). Dynamic growth models of self-esteem and adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 20, 178-209.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., & Diaz, T. (2001). Protective role of personal competence skills in adolescent substance use: Psychological well-being as a mediating factor. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15, 194-203.
  • Scheier, L. M., Miller, N. L., Ifill-Williams, M., & Botvin, G. J. (2001). Perceived neighborhood risk as a predictor of drug use among ethnic minority adolescents: Moderating influences of psychosocial functioning. Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, 11, 67-105.
  • Scheier, L. M., Botvin, G. J., & Griffin, K. W. (2001). Preventive intervention effects on developmental progression in drug use: Structural equation modeling analyses using longitudinal data. Prevention Science, 2, 91-112.
  • Scheier, L. M. (2001). Etiologic studies of adolescent drug use: A compendium of data resources and their implications for prevention. The Journal of Primary Prevention, 22, 125-168.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., Epstein, J. A., & Diaz, T. (2002). Personal competence skills, distress, and well-being as determinants of substance use in a predominantly minority urban adolescent sample. Prevention Science, 3, 23-33.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., & Nichols, T. R. (2002). Factors associated with regular marijuana use among high school students: A long-term follow-up study. Substance Use and Misuse, 37, 225-238.
  • Scheier, L. M., Griffin, K. W., Doyle, M. M., & Botvin, G. J. (2002). Estimates of intragroup dependence for drug use and skill measures encountered in school-based drug abuse prevention trials: An empirical study of three independent samples. Health Education and Behavior, 29, 83-101.
  • Botvin, G. J., Scheier, M., & Griffin, K. W. (2002). Preventing the onset and developmental progression of adolescent drug use: Implications for the gateway hypothesis. In D. B. Kandel (Ed.), Stages and pathways of involvement in drug use: Implications for the Gateway Hypothesis (pp. 115-138). Oxford, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Scheier, L. M., Doyle, M. M., & Williams, C. (2003). Common predictors of cigarette smoking, alcohol use, aggression, and delinquency among inner-city minority youth. Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1141-1148.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., Nichols, T. R., & Scheier, L. M. (2004). Low perceived chances for success in life and binge drinking among inner-city minority youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 501-507.
  • Griffin, K. W., Botvin, G. J., & Scheier, L. M. (2006). Racial/ethnic differences in the protective effects of self-management skills on adolescent substance use. Substance Abuse, 27, 47-52
  • Abdallah, A. B., Scheier, L. M., Inciardi, J. A., Copeland, J., & Cottler, L. B. (2007). A psycho-economic model of ecstasy consumption and related consequences: A multi-site study with community samples. Substance Use and Misuse, 42, 1651-1684.
  • Scheier, L. M., Abdallah, A-B., Inciardi, J. A., Copeland, J., & Cottler, L. B. (2008). Tri-city study of ecstasy use problems: A latent class analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 98, 249-263.
  • Scheier, L. M., Lapham, S. C., & C’de Baca, J. (2008). Cognitive predictors of alcohol involvement and alcohol-related consequences in a sample of drunk-driving offenders. Substance Use & Misuse, 43(14), 2089-2115.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (2009). Developmental trajectories of self-management skills and adolescent substance use. Health and Addictions [Salud y Drogas], 9, 15-37.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., & Botvin, G. J. (2009). Developmental trajectories of self-management skills and adolescent substance use. Health and Addictions [Salud y Drogas], 9, 15-37.
  • Scheier, L. M. (2010). Methods for approximating random assignment: Regression discontinuity and propensity scores. In E. Baker P. P. Peterson, & B. McGaw (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Education (3rd ed.) (pp. 104-110). London, UK: Elsevier Ltd.
  • Scheier, L. M., & Grenard, J. L. (2010). Influence of a nation-wide social marketing campaign on adolescent drug use. Journal of Health Communication, 15(3), 240-271.
  • Fullard, W., & Scheier, L. M. (2010). The Sexual Knowledge and Attitude Test – Adolescents: Psychometric properties using confirmatory factor analysis methods. In T. D. Fisher, C. M. Davis, W. L. Yarber, & S. L. Davis (Ed.), Handbook of sexuality-related measures, 3rd Ed. Taylor and Francis.
  • Hasking, P. A., Scheier, L. M., & Abdallah, A. B. (2010). The three latent classes of adolescent delinquency and the risk factors for membership in each class. Aggressive Behavior, 37, 19-35.
  • Scheier, L. M., Grenard, J. L., & Holtz, K. D. (2011). An empirical assessment of the Above the Influence advertising campaign. Journal of Drug Education, 41, 431-461.
  • Griffin, K. W., Scheier, L. M., Acevedo, B., Grenard, J. L., & Botvin, G. J. (2012). Long-term effects of self-control on alcohol use and sexual behavior among urban minority young women. In S. Y. Sussman (Ed.), Substance and behavioral addictions: Co-occurrence and specificity (pp 53-75). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute: Basel, Switzerland.
  • Scheier, L. M. (2012). Primary prevention models: The essence of drug abuse prevention in schools. In H. J. Schaffer, D. A. LaPlante, & S. E. Nelson (Eds.), The American Psychological Association addiction syndrome handbook Vol. 2, Recovery, prevention and other issues (pp. 197-223). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Kosten, P. A., Scheier, L. M., & Grenard, J. L. (2013). Latent class analysis of peer conformity: Who is yielding to pressure and why? Youth & Society, 45, 565-590.
  • Vie, L. L., Griffith, K. N., Scheier, L. M., Lester, P. B., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2013). The Person-Event Data Environment (PDE): Leveraging big data for studies of psychological strengths in soldiers. Frontiers in Psychology: Technology Report, 4, 1-7.
  • Vie, L. L., Scheier, L. M., Lester, P. B., Ho, T. E., Labarthe, D. R., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2015). The U.S. Army Person-Event Data Environment (PDE): A military-civilian big data enterprise. Big Data, 3, 1-9, DOI: 10.1089/big.2014.0055
  • Both Gragg, J. Goodyear, R., Scheier, L. M., & Krafft, L. (2016). Using multivariate concept mapping to examine counselor educators’ implicit model of the profession’s functions. The Practitioner Scholar: The Journal of Counseling and Professional Psychology, 5, 141-155.
  • Vie, L. L., Scheier, L. M., Lester, P. B., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2016). Initial Validation of the U.S. Army Global Assessment Tool. Military Psychology 2016, Vol. 28, No. 6, 468–487.
  • Meca, A., Reinke, L. G., & Scheier, L. M. (2017). Acculturation and Tobacco/Illicit Drug Use in Hispanic Youth, Oxford University Press.
  • Scheier, L. M. (2018). Why Research Design and Methods Is So Crucial to Understanding Drug Use/Abuse: Introduction to the Special Issue, Evaluation & the Health Professions.
  • Shrestha et al. (2018). Protective Effects of Psychological Strengths Against Psychiatric Disorders Among Soldiers.
  • Kumpfer, Scheier & Brown (2018). Strategies to Avoid Replication Failure With Evidence-Based Prevention Interventions: Case Examples From the Strengthening Families Program.
  • Mason et al. (2018). Challenges Facing Evidence-Based Prevention: In corporating an Abductive Theory of Method.
  • Sadiq et al. (2018). Frailty Phenotypes and Relations With Surgical Outcomes: A Latent Class Analysis.
  • Hansen, Fleming, & Scheier (2019). Self-Reported Engagement in a Drug Prevention Program: Individual and Classroom Effects on Proximal and Behavioral Outcomes. Seligman et al. (2019). PTSD: Catastrophizing in Combat as Risk and Protection.
  • Motedayen et al. (2019). Psychometric validation of the Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes Test –Adolescents (SKAT-A) in an Iranian sample.
  • Scheier (2019). Journal of Neurotrauma Letter to the Editor. The Spurious Chicken and the Confounding Egg: Commentary on Cumulative Head Impact.
  • Scheier et al (2019). Formative Evaluation to Build an Online Parenting Skills and Youth Drug Prevention Program: Mixed Methods Study.
  • Harbichova, Komarc, & Scheier (2019). Metodické studie. Intrinsic Motivation In Sport Measured By The Sport Motivation Scale In Czech University Students
  • Shrestha et al. JAHA (2019). Comparison of Cardiovascular Health Between US Army and Civilians.
  • Komarc, Harbichova, & Scheier (2020). Psychometric validation of Czech version of the Sport Motivation Scale. Scheier & Griffin (2020). Youth marijuana use: a review of causes and consequences.
  • Scheier & Komarc (2020). Are E-cigarette Users a Unique Group of Smokers? Latent Class Analysis of the National Youth Tobacco Survey.
  • Shigeto et al (2021). Typologies of coping in young adults in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Flaherty & Scheier (2021). Modeling Behavior as Dynamic Sequential States: Introduction to the Special Issue.
  • Griffin et al. (2021). Adolescent Transitions in Self-Management Strategies and Young Adult Alcohol Use.
  • Maietti et al. BMC (2021). Assessing the Role of Trust in Information Sources, Adoption of Preventive Practices, Volunteering and Degree of Training on Biological Risk Prevention, on Perceived Risk of Infection and Usage of Personal Protective Equipment Among Italian Medical Students During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic.
  • Scheier & Komarc (2022). Associations Between Student Engagement and Drug Use: Age and Gender Comparisons Using the California Healthy Kids Survey.
  • Landy, Shigeto, Laxman & Scheier (2022). Typologies of stress appraisal and problem‑focused coping: associations with compliance with public health recommendations during the COVID‑19 pandemic.
  • Scheier & Shigeto (2022). Developmental cascades in studies of adolescent and young adult substance use etiology: A systematic review.
  • Salzbrenner, McAdam-Marx, Lydiatt, Helding, Scheier, & Hill (2022). Perceptions of prior authorization by use of electronic prior authorization software: A survey of providers in the United States.
  • Sanmarchi, Gibertoni, Golinelli, Gori, Fantini, & Scheier (2022). Trust in science, medicine and medical providers and its relations to vaccine beliefs: A latent class analysis.
  • Shigeto & Scheier (2022). The current status of sex education in U.S. colleges and universities: A school website content review.
  • Masini, Sanmarchi, Kawalec, Esposito, Scrimaglia, Tessari, Scheier, Sacchetti, & Dallolio (2022). Mediterranean diet, physical activity, and family characteristics associated with cognitive performance in Italian primary school children: analysis of the I‑MOVE project.
  • Griffin, Botvin, Scheier, & Williams (2023). Long-term behavioral effects of a schoolbased prevention program on illicit drug use among young adults.
  • Marini, Messina, Masin, Scognamiglio, Caravita, Leccese, Soldà, Parma, Bertini, Scheier, & Dallolio (2023). Application of the COM–B Framework to Understand Facilitators and Barriers for Practising Physical Activity among Pregnant Women and Midwives Participating in the WELL-DONE! Study.

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